Bladder cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the bladder, the organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine before it is expelled from the body.
The most common symptom of bladder cancer is blood in the urine, which may be visible or microscopic.
Other symptoms may include pain or discomfort during urination, frequent urination, and urinary
incontinence. However, these symptoms may also be caused by other conditions, so it is important to see
a doctor for an accurate diagnosis.
Diagnosis of bladder cancer typically involves a physical exam, urine tests, and imaging tests such as a CT scan or ultrasound. A biopsy may also be performed to examine the bladder tissue and confirm the presence of cancer.
Treatment for bladder cancer may involve surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, or a combination of these treatments, depending on the type and stage of the cancer. Surgery is often the first line of treatment, with the goal of removing the tumor and preserving bladder function. In some cases, removal of the entire bladder may be necessary.
Chemotherapy is often used in combination with surgery or radiation therapy to kill any remaining cancer cells. Radiation therapy may also be used to destroy cancer cells or to relieve pain or other symptoms. Immunotherapy is a newer approach to treating bladder cancer that uses drugs to stimulate the body's immune system to fight the cancer cells.
Living with bladder cancer can be challenging, but there are many resources available to help patients and their families cope with the physical and emotional toll of the disease. Support groups, counseling, and palliative care can all be helpful in managing symptoms and improving quality of life.
Dr. Harish Kancharla is a skilled oncologist with expertise in the diagnosis and treatment of bladder cancer. He provides compassionate care and personalized treatment options to his patients, with a focus on achieving the best possible outcomes while minimizing the impact on the patient's quality of life. With his experience and commitment to patient care, patients with bladder cancer can feel confident in their treatment and their ability to fight this disease.