Everything about it

Colon cancer is a type of cancer that affects the colon or rectum, which are part of the large intestine. It is the third most common type of cancer worldwide, and it can be a serious and life-threatening disease if not detected and treated early.

Photo by Minh Pham

The exact causes of colon cancer are not known, but there are several risk factors that can increase a person's likelihood of developing the disease. These risk factors include a family history of colon cancer, a personal history of inflammatory bowel disease, a diet high in red and processed meats, and a sedentary lifestyle.

Symptoms of colon cancer may include changes in bowel habits, such as diarrhea or constipation, blood in the stool, abdominal pain or cramping, unexplained weight loss, and fatigue. However, many people with colon cancer do not experience any symptoms until the disease has progressed to a later stage. Screening for colon cancer is recommended for all adults over the age of 50, or earlier for those with certain risk factors. Screening tests may include a stool test to check for blood in the stool, a sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy to look for polyps or other abnormalities in the colon, or a virtual colonoscopy using imaging technology.

If colon cancer is detected, treatment options may include surgery to remove the cancerous tissue and nearby lymph nodes, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or a combination of these treatments. The type of treatment recommended will depend on the stage of the cancer, the person's overall health, and other factors.

Dr. Harish Kancharla, a medical oncologist at Yashoda Hospital, Somajiguda, has extensive experience in treating colon cancer and other types of cancer. He uses a personalized approach to treatment, working closely with each patient to develop a treatment plan that is tailored to their unique needs and circumstances.

In addition to medical treatment, Dr. Kancharla also emphasizes the importance of lifestyle changes and supportive care for people with colon cancer. This may include dietary changes, exercise, stress management, and counseling to address emotional and psychological aspects of the disease. If you have been diagnosed with colon cancer or are concerned about your risk of developing the disease, Dr. Kancharla can provide expert guidance and support. Contact his office to schedule a consultation and learn more about your treatment options.