Everything about it

Lung cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the lung tissues and can spread to other parts of the body. It is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide, and it can occur in both smokers and non-smokers.

There are two main types of lung cancer: non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and small cell lung cancer (SCLC). NSCLC is the most common type, accounting for about 85% of lung cancer cases, while SCLC is less common but tends to spread more quickly.

There are several risk factors associated with lung cancer, including smoking, exposure to secondhand smoke, exposure to radon gas, air pollution, and exposure to certain chemicals and substances such as asbestos and diesel exhaust. However, it's important to note that not everyone with lung cancer has a history of smoking or exposure to these risk factors.

Photo by Minh Pham

Symptoms of lung cancer may include a persistent cough, chest pain, shortness of breath, hoarseness, weight loss, and fatigue. However, some people with lung cancer may not experience any symptoms at all, which is why regular lung cancer screening is so important.

Screening for lung cancer involves using low-dose computed tomography (CT) scans to detect abnormalities in the lungs. This is recommended for people who are at high risk of developing lung cancer, such as current or former smokers.

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If lung cancer is detected, treatment options will depend on the type and stage of cancer, as well as the person's overall health and other factors. Surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy are the most common treatment options for lung cancer.

Surgery may be used to remove the cancerous tissue, while radiation therapy uses high-energy radiation to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy involves the use of drugs to kill cancer cells and may be used alone or in combination with other treatments.

Immunotherapy is another treatment option for lung cancer that works by helping the immune system recognize and attack cancer cells. Targeted therapy is used for lung cancers that have specific genetic mutations, and it focuses on blocking the molecules that are involved in cancer growth.

Dr. Harish Kancharla, a medical oncologist at Yashoda Hospital, Somajiguda, is an expert in treating lung cancer and other types of cancer. With years of experience and expertise in medical oncology, Dr. Kancharla can provide personalized treatment options tailored to the needs and circumstances of each patient. He believes in providing comprehensive care and support to his patients, from diagnosis through treatment and beyond.

If you have been diagnosed with lung cancer or have concerns about your lung health, Dr. Kancharla can provide guidance and support. Contact his office to schedule a consultation and learn more about your treatment options.