Prostate cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the prostate gland, which is a small gland in the male reproductive system. It is the most common type of cancer among men, and it is usually slow-growing, meaning that it may not cause symptoms or spread to other parts of the body for many years.
There are several risk factors associated with prostate cancer, including age, family history, and race.
Prostate cancer is more common in older men and African American men, and men with a family history of
the disease are also at higher risk.
Symptoms of prostate cancer may include difficulty urinating, a weak or interrupted urine flow, the need to urinate frequently, blood in the urine or semen, and pain or discomfort during ejaculation. However, some men with prostate cancer may not experience any symptoms at all, which is why regular prostate cancer screening is so important.
Screening for prostate cancer involves a blood test to measure prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels and a digital rectal exam to check for any abnormalities in the prostate gland. If prostate cancer is suspected, a biopsy may be performed to confirm the diagnosis.
If prostate cancer is detected, treatment options will depend on the stage and grade of the cancer, as well as the person's overall health and other factors. Treatment options may include active surveillance, surgery, radiation therapy, hormone therapy, or chemotherapy.
Active surveillance involves monitoring the cancer with regular PSA tests and biopsies, and it may be an option for men with low-grade and slow-growing cancers. Surgery may involve removing the prostate gland and some surrounding tissue, while radiation therapy uses high-energy radiation to kill cancer cells.
Hormone therapy involves blocking the production or action of male hormones, which can fuel the growth of prostate cancer. Chemotherapy may be used in advanced cases of prostate cancer, where the cancer has spread to other parts of the body.
Dr. Harish Kancharla, a medical oncologist at Yashoda Hospital, Somajiguda, is an expert in treating prostate cancer and other types of cancer. With years of experience and expertise in medical oncology, Dr. Kancharla can provide personalized treatment options tailored to the needs and circumstances of each patient. He believes in providing comprehensive care and support to his patients, from diagnosis through treatment and beyond.
If you have been diagnosed with prostate cancer or have concerns about your prostate health, Dr. Kancharla can provide guidance and support. Contact his office to schedule a consultation and learn more about your treatment options.